Hip – Anterior Approach

Hip – anterior approach
Smith-Peterson approach

* position – supine +/- sandbag under affected hip

* incision
– long icision following ant. half of iliac crest to ASIS
– curve incision 8-10cm to run vertically down thigh towards lat. aspect of patella

* internervous plane
– sartorius (fem. n.) & TFL (sup. gluteal n.)
– rectus femoris (fem. n.) & gluteus medius (sup. gluteal n.)

* dissection
– ER leg to stretch sartorius
– ID gap btw TFL & sartorius usu 2-3 in below ASIS
– dissect down thru subcut. fat along intermuscular interval avoiding lat. fem. cut. n. –> pierces deep fascia of thigh close to interval
– incise deep fascia on med. side of TFL
– detach origin of TFL to develop plane
– ascending branch of lat. fem. circumflex art. crosses btw TFL & sartorius
– detach rectus from both origins (AIIS & sup. lip of acetabulum)
– adduct & ER leg to put capsule on stretch
– incise hip capsule either long. or t-shaped

* dangers
– lat. fem. cut. n.
> reches thigh by passing over, behind or thru sartorius 2.5 cm below ASIS
> beware of nerve when incising fascia btw TFL & sartorius

– femoral n. – lies directly ant. to hip joint in fem. triangle & well med. to rectus femoris

– ascending branch of lat. fem. circumflex art. – crossed field prox. btw TFL & sartorius

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